What is Dart
Ease of use
Dart is a fairly new language for most of the developers outside of Google. Although Google has put a lot of effort into documenting the Dart programming language, it’s still hard for developers to find solutions for specific problems. In terms of coding style and syntax, it has Java-like syntax, so developers from OOPS background can master and use Dart easily once they learn the basics.
Dart has excellent documentation, but new or even experienced developers may get confused with the functionality of the Dart language. The Dart syntax is clean and most often resembles Java, so developers with Java backgrounds can easily retrieve code syntax. However, developers may find it very difficult to find solutions to Dart’s problems. There is a relatively small community and a few groups online for Dart and Flutter.
Learning Dart can be daunting task for beginners as Dart is not a commonly used programming language and there are very limited courses or books available online for the Dart programming language. However, Google has extensive documentation of Dart on its official website, which helps programmers from other OOPS languages to pick up the Dart concepts easily. Some of its syntax might be unusual and come as a surprise, but with little bit of practice, developers will soon feel comfortable with Dart.
Dart can be compiled from both AOT and JIT, which helps build applications in several ways, as using JIT compilation can speed development and AOT compilation can be used during the publishing process for better optimization. . This technique has been used in the development of Flutter applications.
Frontend vs Backend
Dart is currently actively used with Flutter to develop the interface for cross-platform mobile applications. Dart can also be used for web development, but there is no mention of Dart used for backend development.
Web vs mobile
Dart code can also be developed with lightweight editors like Sublime or VIM, but there are IntelliJ IDEA and Android Studio which are provided with the Dart plugin and are the most commonly used IDEs for developing Dart applications, especially for the development of Flutter applications.
Dart was born in Google, so obviously it’s being used inside Google, but there are some big brands like Alibaba that also adopted Flutter and Dart for developing cross-platform mobile apps. There are some other big companies that use Dart, including Blossom, WorkTrails, Whale, Mobile, etc.
Pros of Dart
- Backed by Google and runs easily on Google Cloud Platform
- Dart is type-safe and compiled with both AOT and JIT compilers
Cons of Dart
- Dart is fairly new to the programmers and rarely used in the market.
- Dart has very limited resources online and it’s hard to find solutions to problems.
- Being a dynamic language, programmers can make big mistakes easily.
- There are constant changes as a new framework lands after a regular interval.
The latest news related to Dart is that Google announced Flutter 1.2 and Dart DevTools at Mobile World Congress 2019. Flutter is growing fast and growing with new features added day by day.